Adolescents & Adults

VACCINATION DOESN’T STOP AT CHILDHOOD1-3

VACCINATION DOESN’T STOP AT CHILDHOOD1-3

Your teenagers may think they’re immune to sickness. But you know better. As adolescents approach their teen years, they are at greater risk of certain diseases,such as meningococcal disease – a potentially life-threatening bacterial infection. They typically have fewer wellness visits than young infants and children, so it’s important to find out if they’re up-to-date on all age appropriate vaccinations. That goes the same for you. With time, immunity from childhood vaccines can wear off and you may be at risk for new and different diseases.

Your teenagers may think they’re immune to sickness. But you know better. As adolescents approach their teen years, they are at greater risk of certain diseases, such as meningococcal disease – a potentially life-threatening bacterial infection. They typically have fewer wellness visits than young infants and children, so it’s important to find out if they’re up-to-date on all age appropriate vaccinations. That goes the same for you. With time, immunity from childhood vaccines can wear off and you may be at risk for new and different diseases.



VACCINE-PREVENTABLE DISEASES OF POTENTIAL RISK TO ADOLESCENTS & ADULTS

VACCINE-PREVENTABLE DISEASES OF POTENTIAL RISK TO ADOLESCENTS & ADULTS

Chickenpox can be serious, especially in young infants and adults.


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Anybody can be infected with dengue, regardless of age, gender, underlying health, occupation or socioeconomic status, cleanliness or whether they are indoors or outside.6-8 In Singapore, majority of the reported cases occur in adolescents and adults.9 Severe dengue can be fatal and, as there is no cure for it, protection is key.


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*For Singapore Only

Hepatitis A causes serious liver disease and is commonly transmitted through food and water, and through close contact with an infected person.


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The HPV vaccine can prevent most cases of cervical cancer in females, if it is given before exposure to the virus.


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Influenza is not the common cold; it’s highly contagious and can result in serious complications, even death.


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While meningococcal infections can be treated with antibiotics, many people who are infected still die from it and many others are affected for life. This is why preventing the disease through vaccination is so important.


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Whooping cough or pertussis is a highly contagious infection of the lungs and airways by the bacteria, Bordetella pertussis. It is characterised by severe coughing spells that may end in a “whoop” sound.


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Pneumococcal infections can be treated with drugs. But some strains of the disease have become resistant to these drugs. This makes prevention of the disease, through vaccination, even more important.


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References
  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Vaccines for Preteens: What Parents Should Know. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/parents/downloads/pl-dis-preteens-parents.pdf. Last accessed Oct 2017.
  2. Irwin CE, et al. Preventive care for adolescents: few get visits and fewer get services. Pediatrics 2009;123(4);e565-e572.
  3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Adults Need Vaccines, Too. Available at  https://www.cdc.gov/features/adultimmunizations/. Last accessed Oct 2017.
  4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Vaccines and Preventable Diseases. Chickenpox/Varicella Vaccination. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vpd/varicella/public/index.html. Last accessed Oct 2017.
  5. Paediatric and International Child Health. 2012 May;32(s1): 22-27. Dengue fever and dengue haemorrhagic fever in adolescents and adults. Available at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3381442/pdf/pch-32-s1-022.pdf. Last accessed Oct 2017.
  6. World Health Organization (WHO). Global Strategy For Dengue Prevention And Control: 2012-2020. Available at http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/75303/1/9789241504034_eng.pdf. Last accessed Oct 2017.
  7. Philippine Council for Health Research and Development. Dengue vaccine research and development. Available at http://www.pchrd.dost.gov.ph/index.php/news/library-health-news/3787-dengue-vaccine-research-and-development. Last accessed Oct 2017.
  8. Perez-Guerra CL, et al. Public Health 2009;25(3):218-226
  9. Daley DJ. Can We Model Dengue Fever Epidemics in Singapore? Available at http://maths.adelaide.edu.au/ANZAPW15/talks/dd_anzapw15.pdf. Last accessed October 2017.
  10. World Health Organization (WHO). International Travel and Health 2015. Available at http://www.who.int/ith/ITH-Chapter6.pdf. Last accessed October 2017.
  11. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Vaccine Information Statement. HPV Vaccine. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/hcp/vis/vis-statements/hpv.html. Last accessed October 2017.
  12. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Flu Symptoms and Complications. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/flu/consumer/symptoms.htm. Last accessed October 2017.
  13. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Seasonal Influenza. Key Facts. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/flu/protect/keyfacts.htm. Last accessed October 2017.
  14. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.  Vaccine Information Statement. Meningococcal Vaccines: What You Need To Know. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/hcp/vis/vis-statements/mening.html. Last accessed October 2017.
  15. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Vaccine Information Statement. Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/hcp/vis/vis-statements/ppv.html. Last accessed October 2017.


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